THE SOUL—“AND BLEW INTO HIS NOSTRILS THE BREATH OF LIFE”

Position of the Church—The Dogma / Doctrine.

1. The Catechism ( CCC 362-368) says that “soul” refers to the innermost aspect of man, the “spiritual principle”.

    2. Man is one thing—body and soul are integral to each other—a single nature.

3. Every soul is “created immediately by God” and is immortal.

The Human Mind—how it works?

spiritual activity, emotion

logic, mathematical activities

artistic ability, creativity





4. Animated Neurons

Can Computers Think—Is Artificial Intelligence Possible?


ATTITUDES TOWARD ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

ADHERENTS

A

Strong AI: computers can be programmed to think, be conscious

Dennet

B

Weak AI: computers can be used to simulate mental processes, but consciousness is nonprogrammable

Searle

C

Non-computable physicalists: Need new physics; intelligence/consciousness non-algorithmic

Penrose

D

Intelligence/consciousness is a thing unto itself and not to be understood by scientific methods

McGinn





1. If Mind is a product of biochemistry and physics, then one should be able to construct computers.../ robots that think



    2. If it be possible to build computers that think, then it should be possible to replicate thinking done by human beings, for example mathematical proofs.







White to move and draw; the computer does the obvious and takes the black rook with the pawn, thus opening up the previous impenetrable shield of pawns.

4. Searle's Chinese Room argument--

Keith Ward's refutation of sociobiology—pages 170-171 in “God, Chance and Necessity”

C.S. Lewis argues ("Miracles") that conscience and reason are God touching Nature in man.



Quantum Mechanics and Consciousness