Pennsylvania Dutch Dialect - Adverbs - Location/Direction
Pennsylvania German uses more precise adverbs (and verb prefixes) to show location and direction than English does.
Summary:
"n" beginning means "motion away"
"r" beginning means "motion towards"
"dr" beginning means "at a distance"
"h" beginning means "close at hand"



Inside/Outside

in (inside) close at hand hin
in (inside) at a distance drin
out (outside) close at hand haus
out (outside) at a distance draus


inside/outside

Der John saagt, "Die Amber iss draus, un die Katz iss do hin."
      John says, "Amber is outside, and the cat is here inside."

Der Chris saagt, "Die Amber iss do haus mit mir, un die Katz iss drin."
      Chris says, "Amber is here outside with me, and the cat is inside."

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Goes in

in (inside)
movement toward rei
in (inside)
movement away
nei


goes in

Der John saagt, "Die Amber kummt rei."
      John says, "Amber comes in (toward me)"

Die Amber saagt, "Ich geh ins Haus nei."
      Amber says, "I go into the house."

Der Chris saagt, "Die Amber geht nei."
      Chris says, "Amber goes in (away from me)"

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Goes out

out (outside) movement toward
raus
out (outside) movement away
naus


goes out

Der John saagt, "Die Amber geht naus."
      John says, "Amber goes out (away from me)."

Die Amber saagt, "Ich geh aus em Haus naus."
      Amber says, "I go out of the house."

Der Chris saagt, "Die Amber kummt raus."
      Chris says, "Amber comes out (toward me)."

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Goes down

down (downstairs)
movement toward
runner
down (downstairs)
movement away
nunner
down (downstairs)
close at hand hunne
down (downstairs)
at a distance drunne


goes down

Der John saagt, "Die Amber geht nunner, un der Pooter iss drunne."
      John says, "Amber goes down (away from me), and Pooter is downstairs (at a distance)."

Die Amber saagt, "Ich geh nunner."
       Amber says, "I go down (stairs)."

Der Chris saagt, "Die Amber kummt runner, un der Pooter is do hunne."
      Chris says, "Amber comes down (toward me), and Pooter is here downstairs."

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Goes up

up (upstairs) movement toward
ruff
up (upstairs) movement away
nuff
up (upstairs) close at hand howwe
up (upstairs) at a distance drowwe


goes up

Der John saagt, "Die Amber kummt ruff, un die Katz iss do howwe."
      John says, "Amber comes up (toward me), and the cat is here upstairs."

Die Amber saagt, "Ich geh die Schteeg nuff."
       Amber says, "I go up the stairs."

Der Chris saagt, "Die Amber geht nuff, un die Katz iss drowwe."
      Chris says, "Amber goes up (away from me), and the cat is upstairs (at a distance)."

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Goes here/there

here motion toward
haer
there motion away
hie


here/there

Der John saagt, "Die Amber geht hie."
      John says, "Amber goes there (thither)."

Der Chris saagt, "Die Amber kummt haer."
      Chris says, "Amber comes here (hither)."

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Goes over here/there

over here
motion toward
riwwer
over there
motion away
niwwer
over here
close at hand hiwwe
over there
at a distance driwwe


over here/there

Der John saagt, "Die Amber geht niwwer, un die Katz iss do hiwwe."
      John says, "Amber goes over there, and the cat is over here."

Der Chris saagt, "Die Amber kummt riwwer, un die Katz iss driwwe."
      Chris says, "Amber comes over here, and the cat is over there."

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