Pennsylvania Dutch Dialect - Noun Genders
Following are some tips to help remember the genders of groups of nouns (most adopted with permission from Peter Schroeder's website). Most of these rules from Standard German apply, however, some (like words ending in -en) are difficult to apply since the Pennsylvania German dialect has dropped the trailing -n.

In many cases, I've used the same words in case you want to compare/contrast the Pennyslvania German word with the Standard German equivalent.



Compound Words Take the Gender of the Last Noun in the Chain
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Nouns that Refer to People or Animals Often Reflect Biological Gender

Masculine
Feminine
der Bruder
(the brother)
die Schweschder
(the sister)
der Daadi
(the father)
die Mudder
(the mother)
der Groossdaadi
(the grandfather)
die Groossmammi
(the grandmother)
der Soh
(the son)
die Dochder
(the daughter)
der Onkel
(the uncle)
die Aent
(the aunt)
der Tietscher
(the teacher - male)
die Tietschern
(the teacher - female)
der Schneider
(the tailor)
die Frackmachern
(the dressmaker-female)

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Masculine

Names of Months are Masculine

der Yenner
January
der Hanning
February
der Maz
March
der Abrill
April
der Moi
May
der Yuni (Tschuun)
June
der Yuli (Tschulei)
July
der Augscht
August
der September
September
der Oktower
October
der Nowember
November
der Disember
December

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Nouns Refering to Precipitation are Masculine

der Newwel the fog
der Regge the rain
der Schee the rain

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Nouns Ending in -el, ich are Usually Masculine

der Leffel the spoon
der Hunnich the honey
der Essich the vinegar
der Keenich the king

However, there are exceptions (die Summerkich, the summer kitchen)

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Feminine

Names of Trees are Usually Feminine

die Asche the ash
die Baerke the birch
die Buche the beech
die Linne the linden
die Tanne the fir
die Weide the willow


However, there are exceptions (der Meebel, the maple).

The names of some trees are coupled with the masculine word Baam (tree), example der Beintbaam (the pine tree)

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Names of Flowers are Usually Feminine

die Daalerros the aster
die Dollebaan the tulip
die Gerranne the geranium
die Gungelrieb the orchid
die Maulros the hollyhock
die Maerzeblumm the violet
die Ros the rose
However, there are exceptions (es Gaardenagglie, the carnation).

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Nounds Ending in -oog, -ei, -heit, -keet, -keit, -schaft, -ung are Almost Always Feminine

die Woog the balance
die Freierei the courtship
die Grankheit the illness
die Lidderlichkeet the dissoluteness
die Raarichkeet the rarity, scarcity
die Schicklichkeit the tact
die Briederschaft the brotherhood
die Rechning the account, bill
die Wohning the dwelling
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Neuter

Nouns Starting with Ge- are Often Neuter

es Gebei the building
es Gebund the bundle
es Geheil the weeping
es Gelechter the laughter
es Geshrei the shout
However, there are exceptions (die Geburt, the birth).

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Names of Many Metals are Neuter

es Eise the iron
es Gold the gold
es Kubber the copper
es Mess the brass
However, there are exceptions (der Schtaal, the steel).

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Nouns with Diminutive Endings (-li) are Always Neuter

es Bobbeli the baby
es Hundli the puppy
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